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Aves - Neognathae - Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae - Aptenodytes - Aptenodytes patagonicus

Mandible (Jawbone ) of a Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)


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Species Description
The King Penguin is the 2nd largest species of penguin, and is found on the sub-Antarctic islands of the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Like most penguins, it eats fish that it captures during pursuit dives; the King Penguin regularly dives to 100-200m deep for up to five minutes – this is deeper and longer than dives by any other penguin, save for the Emperor Penguin. To protect it against the cold Antarctic weather, the King Penguin has four layers of feathers: an oily, waterproof outer layer, and three downy layers for insulation. The King Penguin, along with all other penguins, can drink seawater, as it possesses a supraorbital gland that filters the excess salt from its blood. King Penguins mate for life, and have the longest breeding cycle of any bird; it takes 14-16 months to fledge a single chick.
Skeletal Elements Available

Furcula (Wishbone)

Mandible (Jawbone )

Left Humerus (Left Upper Arm Bone)

Right Humerus (Right Upper Arm Bone)

Left Tarsometatarsus (Left Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)

Right Tarsometatarsus (Right Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)

Left Coracoid (Left Shoulder Bone)

Right Coracoid (Right Shoulder Bone)

Sternum (Breast Bone)
External Links
Animal Diversity Web
Encyclopedia of Life
Wikipedia King Penguin Page

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