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Sternum (Breast Bone) of the Great Auk †Pinguinus impennis (MCZ 341722)


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Phylogenic Position
Aves - Neognathae - Charadriiformes - Alcidae - Pinguinus - †Pinguinus impennis
Species Description
The Great Auk was a small seabird, of the Charadriiformes, that lived on rocky islands in the North Atlantic. The Great Auk went extinct in the 19th century, after centuries of hunting by humans had reduced the last surviving populations. They were descended from Pliocene auks and the only members of the genus Pinguinus to survive to modern times; the Razorbill (Alca torda) is believed to be the Great Auk’s closest living relative. When originally discovered, auks were referred to as “penguins” (Portuguese/Spanish “pinguino”, Welsh “pingwen”); when explorers reached the Southern Hemisphere, they named the birds found there “penguins” after noting similarities with the auks.

Specimen Information
Species †Pinguinus impennis (Great Auk)
Element Sternum (Breast Bone)
Specimen Number MCZ 341722
Sex
Location
Geological Age Recent
 
Technical Information
Scanner Roland Picza
Resolution 100 µm
Number of Data Points 659872
Number of Data Polygons 1319658
Date Scanned April 22, 2009
Scan Technician Rachael Martinez
Edited By Rachael Martinez
 
Photographs


View All 4 Images

Download Digital Model Size
STL File Not Publicly Available 66.0 MB
Other †Pinguinus impennis (Great Auk) Elements
Specimen Element
MCZ 341711 Right Tarsometatarsus (Right Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)
MCZ 341711 Left Tarsometatarsus (Left Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)
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