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Aves - Neognathae - Passeriformes - Cardinalidae - Cardinalis - Cardinalis cardinalis

Mandible (Jawbone ) of a Cardinalis cardinalis (Common Cardinal)


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Species Description
The Common Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) stands merely eight inches in length and has a small cone-shaped bill. The Common Cardinal (also referred to as the Northern Cardinal) has a black mask on its face and a crest on its head, but they are known for their vivid red color. The male is a vibrant red, while the female is a dull brown or olive color with faint red on her wings and tail. These birds are mainly found in most parts of the United States, east of the Rocky Mountains. The Common Cardinal is a non-migratory and a territorial song bird that tends to live near woodlands and gardens. The male utilizes its call to forcefully defend its territory and to also attract a mate. Over the years various changes in environmental conditions have made more habitats available to the cardinal, which has made it much easier for these birds survive in colder climates. If you listen carefully you may even hear the male and female share song phrases that sound similar to ‘cheer, cheer, cheer’ or a ‘chink’ sound.
Skeletal Elements Available

Left Humerus (Left Upper Arm Bone)

Right Humerus (Right Upper Arm Bone)

Right Tarsometatarsus (Right Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)

Left Tarsometatarsus (Left Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)

Sternum (Breast Bone)

Mandible (Jawbone )

Right Humerus (Right Upper Arm Bone)

Left Humerus (Left Upper Arm Bone)

Mandible (Jawbone )
External Links
Encyclopedia of Life
Wikipedia

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