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Mandible (Jawbone ) of the Common Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis (YPM 109520)

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Phylogenic Position
Aves - Neognathae - Passeriformes - Cardinalidae - Cardinalis - Cardinalis cardinalis
Species Description
The Common Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) stands merely eight inches in length and has a small cone-shaped bill. The Common Cardinal (also referred to as the Northern Cardinal) has a black mask on its face and a crest on its head, but they are known for their vivid red color. The male is a vibrant red, while the female is a dull brown or olive color with faint red on her wings and tail. These birds are mainly found in most parts of the United States, east of the Rocky Mountains. The Common Cardinal is a non-migratory and a territorial song bird that tends to live near woodlands and gardens. The male utilizes its call to forcefully defend its territory and to also attract a mate. Over the years various changes in environmental conditions have made more habitats available to the cardinal, which has made it much easier for these birds survive in colder climates. If you listen carefully you may even hear the male and female share song phrases that sound similar to ‘cheer, cheer, cheer’ or a ‘chink’ sound.
Specimen Information
Species Cardinalis cardinalis (Common Cardinal)
Element Mandible (Jawbone )
Specimen Number YPM 109520
Sex Male
Location USA: Connecticut, New Haven, Guilford
Geological Age Recent
Technical Information
Scanner Konica Minolta Range7
Resolution 40 µm
Number of Data Points 131101
Number of Data Polygons 133589
Date Scanned October 12, 2010
Scan Technician Abby Grace Drake
Edited By Abby Grace Drake

View All 1 Images

Download Digital Model Size
STL File Not Publicly Available 1.4 MB
Other Cardinalis cardinalis (Common Cardinal) Elements
Specimen Element
YPM 109389 Left Humerus (Left Upper Arm Bone)
YPM 109389 Right Humerus (Right Upper Arm Bone)
YPM 109389 Right Tarsometatarsus (Right Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)
YPM 109389 Left Tarsometatarsus (Left Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)
YPM 109389 Sternum (Breast Bone)
YPM 109389 Mandible (Jawbone )
YPM 109520 Right Humerus (Right Upper Arm Bone)
YPM 109520 Left Humerus (Left Upper Arm Bone)
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